Gum recession is when the gums have rolled back on teeth, making the teeth appear longer and possibly darker than other teeth. It increases with age and can lead to serious dental problems, such as decay, tooth loss and can even be a sign of periodontal disease. Missing gum tissue causes roots to be exposed and exposed roots are softer and more prone to decay, which makes it easier for bacteria to penetrate the tooth roots. Often, patients with exposed roots experience sensitivity to sweets and hot and cold temperatures.
Gum recession is often caused by brushing too hard, gum disease, hormonal changes, genetics or clenching and grinding. At our office, gum grafting involves a thorough examination and assessment of your teeth, gums and overall health. After that, a gum grafting procedure may be recommended. The tissue used in this procedure may be obtained from a variety of sources; an area next to the area of recession, from the hard palate or donated tissue from another person, which has been medically processed to make safe for use.
When gums rest too low or are asymmetrical on teeth, gum contouring surgery can improve the appearance of the teeth. Also known as gingival sculpting or gingivoplasty, gum contouring surgery reshapes uneven gum lines by removing and reshaping excess tissue. Gum contouring is sometimes used in other dental procedures to ensure proper placement of dental implants, crowns and veneers.